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  Press Release / 25 February 2014 The Department of Health today belied rumo...
The Department of Health Regional Office I joins the nation in celebrating the 1...
DOH National Press Release/27 March 2014 Do the 3D against those pesky mosquito...
  WHO and ADB urge greater vigilance and action in fighting vector-borne disea...
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World Health Day 2014: “Small bite, big threat” PDF Print
Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  32 hits


WHO and ADB urge greater vigilance and action in fighting vector-borne diseases

MANILA, 4 April 2014 – The World Health Organization (WHO) in the Western Pacific Region and key partners including the Asian Development Bank (ADB) are observing World Health Day on 7 April with a call for greater vigilance and action in tackling a range of vector-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, chikungunya, lymphatic filariasis and schistosomiasis.

Vectors such as mosquitoes, ticks, mites, fleas, sandflies and freshwater snails are organisms that transmit dangerous parasites, viruses or bacteria from one infected animal or person to another, causing serious diseases in humans.

One sixth of the illness and disability suffered worldwide is due to vector-borne diseases, with more than half the world’s population currently estimated to be at risk of these diseases. The poorest segments of society and least-developed countries being most affected.

Malaria remains the vector-borne disease with the highest death toll in humans, estimated to have caused about 207 million infections globally in 2012 and to have claimed 627 000 lives.

The world’s fastest growing vector-borne disease, however, is dengue, also spread by mosquitoes, with a 30-fold increase in incidence over the past 50 years, topping 100 million cases across 100 countries in 2012. An estimated 500,000 people with severe dengue require hospitalization each year, a large proportion of whom are children; about 2.5% of those infected die. The Asia-Pacific region reports about 75% of the global dengue burden.

“This year’s World Health Day theme of Small bite, big threat is a timely reminder that vector-borne diseases affect billions of people globally, including millions in all 37 countries and areas in our Region,” noted Dr Shin Young-soo, WHO Regional Director for the Western Pacific.

“While we’ve made significant strides against some of these diseases, malaria in particular, we need much more national, regional and global political commitment, resources and multisectoral collaboration," he added. "We also need much more public awareness about these diseases, as people need to know how to protect themselves better. We hope that World Health Day 2014 serves as a springboard for greater action on all these fronts.”

Vector-borne diseases are commonly found in tropical and sub-tropical regions. The spread of these diseases is determined by a complex combination of social, economic and environmental factors, including the impact of globalization on travel and trade, haphazard urbanization, a lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation, and environmental challenges including climate change. Some diseases, such as dengue and its close cousins chikungunya and Zika virus, are fast emerging in countries where they were previously not seen.

WHO brings together countries to develop, discuss and agree on global strategies and regional action plans for malaria, dengue and neglected tropical diseases. The organization provides technical advice and expertise not only to shape these strategies and action plans, but also to guide their implementation. WHO also encourages research and development efforts regarding prevention tools and medication.

Protection from bugs and bites is key: repellents, bed nets treated with insecticides and window screens can all help, as can making sure there’s no standing water in or around the home.

As a joint WHO–ADB dengue control initiative in Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic has assessed, introducing larvae-eating fish such as guppies into water storage containers can also control mosquito breeding. It is encouraging to note that a dengue vaccine is currently in development.

“All vector-borne diseases take a human toll. But they also have significant development impact,” explained Stephen P. Groff, Vice President, ADB. “That is why we’ve helped establish the Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance, or APLMA, to bring countries together to fight malaria on multiple fronts.”

ADB hosts the secretariat of APLMA and supports high-level advocacy and APLMA’s two task forces: one to ensure that regional financing for the fight against malaria remains strong, and the other to increase regional access to quality malaria medicines and commodities, and reduce the availability and use of low-quality, or counterfeit anti-malarial medicines.

Elimination of vector-borne diseases is possible. China, the Republic of Korea and Solomon Islands have already eliminated lymphatic filariasis which is transmitted through mosquitoes and causes severe pain and disfiguring disability. Between 2000 and 2011 in the Western Pacific Region, malaria cases dropped by 46 percent and deaths from malaria dropped by 73 percent.

But many challenges remain. Some diseases are on the rise, especially dengue and chikungunya. Anti-malarial drug resistance – especially artemisinin resistance – and insecticide resistance remain a major concern. Reaching marginalized communities and ensuring universal access to prevention and treatment of vector-borne diseases are a formidable task.

“WHO and ADB cannot work on these issues alone – partnerships are vital,” concluded Dr Shin. “Partnerships with governments, development partners, industry and NGOs – to strengthen our collective focus and expand our investment. Partnerships with communities and individuals – so we can each play our role in protecting ourselves. Let’s work together to ensure that the big threat from vector-borne diseases is reduced significantly in the years ahead.”

World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April to mark the anniversary of WHO’s founding in 1948. Each year a theme is selected that highlights a priority area of public health concern in the world.

For further information, including media interviews, please contact:

Dr Eva-Maria Christophel
Team Leader, Malaria, other Vectorborne and Parasitic diseases, WHO WPRO
Telephone: + 63 2 528 9723
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Roy Wadia
Public Information Office, WHO WPRO
Telephone: +63 2 528 9992 and +63 999 889 3974 
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  20 hits

DOH National Press Release/27 March 2014

Do the 3D against those pesky mosquitoes!

Health Secretary Enrique T. Ona today urged communities that have recently experienced a high density of nuisance mosquitoes for a no let-up cleanliness drive this summer and even for the rest of the year, that will eventually reduce or eliminate mosquito breeding sites, regardless if these mosquitoes spread disease or not.

The health chief reported that the initial assessment of medical entomologists from RITM did not reveal any associated health risks from mosquitoes that have infested several parts in Metro Manila.

Mosquito samples that were taken from Valenzuela and Tondo (soon in other areas as well) turned out to be those of Culex and Armigeres varieties. Both are not known to spread human disease in the country and are also known as “nuisance” mosquitoes. They breed in polluted or dirty water and typically bite at night time unlike the day-biting, dengue-carrying mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti, that breed in clean, stagnant water.

Secretary Ona directed the National Capital Region regional health office to engage the local governments in affected areas to oblige residents to observe the 3D approach against these “nuisance mosquitoes”. 3D simply involves DETECT, DESTROY and DEFEND.

DETECT allows residents to search for polluted or dirty water where these mosquitoes naturally breed. It is important that trained sanitary inspectors lead communities in identifying key breeding sites such as water-filled containers however small, old tires, blocked drainage, flooded diggings and even cracked concrete lids over septic tanks.

DESTROY is aimed at source reduction and can be accomplished by debris removal to unblock drain or roof gutters, disposing old tires or drilling holes in them or similar water-containing vessels so that water will not accumulate; and dumping soil into flooded diggings or holes that can hold water.

DEFEND includes those that minimize or prevent human-mosquito contact which can start with the proper attire in the summer. This means wearing light-colored, loose fitting dress since mosquitoes sting through dark colored, tight clothing. DEFEND also entails application of insect repellent over exposed skin surfaces; DEET in insect repellent is safe for infant 2-months old and above. Sleeping under mosquito nets is also practical.

Other measures which are also effective but may entail cost are mosquito coils, household spraying, window and door screening and air conditioning. Space spraying either misting or fogging is not routinely recommended but can be resorted to and only done by trained, skilled sprayers to achieve immediate knockdown of adult mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are often found inside homes and indoor spraying may be necessary but highly impractical in Metro Manila. The misuse or overuse of insecticides can lead to insecticide resistance. The use of larvicides and insect growth regulators is also effective but entails extensive mapping of areas where these maybe applied. It is always best to control mosquito populations at the source.

The Department of Health (DOH) has consulted the World Health Organization and both agreed to issue guidelines on use of pesticides to avert the use of fly-by-night commercial products, protect people and the environment from potential harm, and prevent insecticide-resistance as there are only a small number of effective insecticides that can be used. Both the Department of Public Works and Highways and the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority will coordinate with the DOH and local governments to prevent the proliferation of mosquito breeding sites that may arise from on-going road repairs, diggings and rehabilitation of major thoroughfares.

The number of dengue cases in the country for the period Jan 1-March 15 has declined by 52% (from 27,579 in 2013 to 13,188 in 2014). "This clean up drive should extend to the rest of the whole country to prepare us this year for fewer dengue cases," the health chief concluded.

March 2-8 is Women's Week PDF Print
Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  58 hits

The Department of Health Regional Office I joins the nation in celebrating the 1st week of March as WOMEN'S WEEK and the whole month of March as International Women's Month.

Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  114 hits


Press Release / 25 February 2014

The Department of Health today belied rumors about a ‘flesh-eating’ skin disease, following reports of two alleged suspected cases in Pangasinan.

“There is no reported case of ‘flesh-eating’ skin disease in the country yet. Absolutely no reason for the public to panic”, Health Secretary Enrique Ona clarified, as he allayed fears that may have been caused by the reports.

Health officials reported that Case (1) was of a female, 21 y/o, from Sta. Barbara, Pangasinan who is on multi-drug therapy for leprosy at a regional health unit. Dr. Myrna Cabotaje, Regional Director (Region I), added that the said patient, who was initially-treated in another private health facility, has now completed the treatment but may still need debridement for her skin lesions. The patient is now being assessed on current drug reaction and for work-up for tuberculosis.

The Provincial Health Officer also checked on the reported Case (2) from Villasis, Pangasinan. Clinical examination confirmed that the patient has a case of severe psoriasis, a chronic skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white scales.

“There are a lot of diseases that may manifest through changes in the skin. It is good to consult our doctors or go to the nearest barangay health unit when we need medical advice and treatment. Let us avail of the free healthcare service in our health facilities”, the Health Chief reminded the public.

DOH Regional Office No. 1 Adheres to No Deal with the Tobacco Industry PDF Print
Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  116 hits

Pursuant to Article 5.3 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) and the Civil Service Commission (CSC) and Department of Health (DOH) Joint Memorandum Circular No. 2001-01 on Protection of the Bureaucracy Against Tobacco Industry Interference, the DOH Regional Office No. 1 adheres to NO DEAL WITH THE TOBACCO INDUSTRY.

PhilNOS- DOH urges public to join organ donation sign-up on Feb. 28 PDF Print
Author: Elsha Marie Soriano
Views:  146 hits

DAGUPAN CITY February 17 (Elsha Marie Soriano) – To address the serious need for organ donors in the country, the Philippine Network for Organ Sharing (PhilNOS) of the Department of Health (DOH) is encouraging the public to join the organ donation registration to be held in six identified sites in the country on February 28.

Dr. Antonio Paraiso, program manager of PhilNOS, said the campaign dubbed “Lifeline” is intended to increase the awareness of Filipinos on organ donation and set a Guinness world record for organ donor registrants.

“The attempt in making a world record will be used as a vehicle to promote organ donation, inform and change the misconception of the people on organ sharing and strengthen the government support on organ donation and transplantation in the country’s medical field,” Paraiso said in a forum held at the Philippine Information Agency (PIA) office in San Fernando City on Wednesday.

Since 2011, only three percent of about 12, 000 recorded patients specifically persons with renal diseases have undergone transplant due to limited number of organs donated, he said.

Paraiso clarified that the event is a registration and pledge of someone who is willing to donate their organs and help extend lives of people who highly need transplants.

The registration will be held simultaneously in the following sites: Ilocos Training and Regional Medical Center (San Fernando, La Union), Naga (Bicol Medical Center), Davao (Southern Philippines Medical Center), Metro Manila (Polytechnic University of the Philippines) Tugegarao City and Quezon City Memorial Circle.

For the registration in San Fernando City, local media in Pangasinan and other provinces also took part in raising awareness to the public about organ sharing in order to encourage more registrants for organ donation and mark the world record.

Meanwhile, Venus May Sarmiento, manager of PIA-Pangasinan Information Center oriented members of the Philippine Navy Headquarters Naval Forces Northern Luzon to discuss the campaign and seeks support from the members of the navy to participate in the country’s attempt for “Most People to Sign-up as Organ Donor”.

Commander Levi Carane said the Philippine Navy has committed to lend some vehicles with a 25-30 seating capacity.

Members of the navy, mostly ROTC instructors from Universities in Pangasinan, Nueva Ecija and Bataan also pledged to disseminate information to their students and university administrators about the campaign.

PIA also solicited the support of the provincial government and tertiary schools in Pangasinan to take part in the event. (VHS/EMBS/PIA-1, Pangasinan)

Author: OLDamoslog
Views:  267 hits

What is Measles?

  • Measles is a highly contagious respiratory disease caused by virus ( a virus in the paramyxovirus family, which normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs)

Mode of Transmission

  • Easily spreads from person-to-person by sneezing, coughing, and close personal contact

Signs and Symptoms

  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Red eyes/conjunctivitis
  • Fever
  • Blotchy rash lasting for more than 3 days


  • Diarrhea
  • Otitis media (middle ear infection)
  • Pneumonia
  • Encephalitis
  • Malnutrition
  • Blindness


  • Nutritional support and oral re hydration are important to increase body resistance and replace lost body fluids caused by coughing, diarrhea and perspiration
  • Take antibiotics as prescribed by physician to treat infections
  • Give supplementation to infants and children diagnosed with measles.


  • Immunize infants with measles vaccine at 9 months old
  • Give Vitamin A supplementation during routine measles vaccination



User Rating: / 1
Author: Omar Lopez Damoslog
Views:  2110 hits


RHMPP Batch I, II, and III are not allowed to apply.

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Director's Corner

Welcome to the CHD Ilocos (LUPangIlocos) webpage!

We hope that you find the contents of our website helpful and informative. If you need more information or have any annotations or suggestions as to how we might further enhance our website, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Myrna C. Cabotaje MD, MPH, CESO III
Director IV

APRIL 2014

  • Cancer in Children Awareness Month
  • World Health Day, Apr 7
  • Philippine Earth's Day, Apr 22
  • Head and Neck Consciousness Week, 4th Wk
  • World Immunization Week, 4th Wk
  • World Malaria Day, Apr 25
  • World Day for Safety and Health at work, Apr 28

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